Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), which is also termed as Grahani, occurs due to one or more of dosha imbalance and it weakens the duodenum. According to Ayurveda, duodenum, helps in digestion and it also holds the food until it is properly digested and then it allows it to be passed through colon where it is excreted. Its inefficient functioning leads to either constipation or diarrhea for a longer period. So an alternating loose bowel and constipation occurs which is the main symptom of IBS.
Main symptoms of IBS are:
- Delayed digestion and heaviness in body
- Joint pain
- Vomiting and fever
- Cutting pain in abdomen
- Lassitude, debility, dryness in throat and mouth
- Burning in cardiac region and throat
- Patient passes stool as liquid, dried, thin & undigested with sound, broken, mixed with mucus and heavy
- Frequent motions, which are of sometimes, dry & sometimes watery consistency
Treatment in Ayurveda:
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is predominately approached through alterations in diet. Individuals are encouraged to avoid foods likely to stimulate an episode and to increase their intake of insoluble fiber, found in whole-grain products, cereals, and beans. A doctor may recommend that a patient also utilize over-the-counter fiber supplements. Individuals using fiber needs to make sure that they are consuming the right amount, as high-fiber diets can sometimes cause additional gas and bloating.
It is recommend that IBS patients eat smaller meals more frequently, putting less stress on the digestive tract. They may also prescribe a variety of medications. Some may target water retention in the colon, others may focus on colon motilityâ€”. No single pharmaceutical approach has yet emerged as the best approach.
Ayurvedic medicine can help Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) by treating the patient holistically by altering the diet to reduce negative impact of foods on the digestive system, reducing mental stress’ impact on the digestive system, and creating a harmony of mind, body and spirit.
Do’s – Eat old rice, bitter- gourd, coriander leaves, lentil, green grams soup, black pepper, dried ginger, wood apple, Pomegranate, nutmeg, buttermilk, hot water.
Don’ts – Eat wheat, maize, barley, pigeon pea, pea, cow pea, spiked dolichos, black gram, Soya bean, kidney bean, potato, sweet potato, onion, coconut, groundnut, chili, oily food, chicken, red meat, crabs, prawns, fish, leafy vegetable like sorrel, drum stick etc, mango, pineapple, apple, watermelon, cashew, pumpkin gourd, papaya, fig, jack fruit.