Any disc in the entire spine can prolapse or burst, the most common ones to which this happens are the lowest two, which is between the fourth and fifth lumbar vertebrae and between the fifth lumbar and the top of the sacrum, as the stresses experienced by the spine are the greatest at these levels.
Because the discs themselves have virtually no nerve supply, it is only when a disc prolapses and presses onto a nerve or some other vulnerable part of the spine, the pain will be noticed. The pain of a prolapsed disc tends to be deep, dull and persistent and it may radiate into all sorts of unexpected places. For example, a prolapsed disc in the lower back may produce pain in several places such as the buttocks, hip, groin or legs. Some people find that these pains are worse if they bend in one particular way. Others find that their pains become unbearable if they stand straight. And it isn’t uncommon for people to complain that their pain is worse when they sneeze, cough or laugh.
Treatments for damaged disc (Mamsa Bhagna), inflammation reduction (Vathahara), pain reduction (Vedanahara) and recurrence prevention are some of the treatments offered in Ayurveda.